Obligations of Ukrainian Catholics in the United States

The following laws are quoted, with few changes only for clarity, from either  the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches (CCEO), the Major Archbishop's Canons, 2018, (MA), or the 1999 Pastoral Guide of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in the United States of America (i.e., Particular Canons for the United States) (USA):

For Ukrainian Catholics in the United States, the following days are Holy Days of Obligation according to the Pastoral Guide:

According to Canon 881 of the Code of Canons for the Eastern Churches, the time to fulfill the obligation runs from the evening before the day, until the end of the day itself. According to Pope Pius XII in his apostolic letter "Christus Dominus", evening is defined as "not... before four o’clock in the afternoon." Therefore a service must begin exactly at or later than four PM from the preceding day to fulfill this obligation.

If a Holy Day, for example, the Nativity, falls on a Monday, and you attend an evening Sunday service, you do not fulfill your obligation for both days, in this case you must attend two different services to fulfill your obligation.

Regarding fasting and abstinence, the following rules are obligatory for Ukrainian Catholics in the United States according to the Pastoral Guide:

Privileged Weeks, i.e., those weeks in which the laws of abstinence do not oblige, are the following:

The periods of penitence and their respective duration are:

General rules governing abstinence:

(1) the poor who live on alms;

(2) sick and frail persons;

(3) convalescents who are returning to their strength;

(4) pregnant women, and mothers who are nursing their children;

(5) persons who perform hard labor;

(6) children who have not completed their seventh year of age;

(7) Persons have completed their 59th year of age with permission of their pastor or confessor.

Yearly Requirements:

Reception of Holy Communion:

Every Catholic is obliged to receive Holy Communion at least once a year during the Paschal Season. Paschal Time extends from and is inclusive of the period of the Triodion and the Pentecostarion. Therefore, if one is conscious of mortal sin, one is bound to make a valid confession in order to fulfill this obligation. (USA)

The faithful of the Ukrainian Church are encouraged to receive Paschal Communion in their own Church if they can do so without serious inconvenience. (USA)

The Following Requirements Relate to Specific Circumstances:

Reception of Holy Communion:

With the exception of priests who have the obligation to binate or even trinate, Holy Communion can only be received once a day unless the person is in danger of death, or for another genuine spiritual need, or special circumstances. (USA)

The participation of the faithful in the Most Holy Eucharist includes proper personal prayer preparation and Eucharistic fasting, which is abstinence from eating or drinking for at least one hour before the beginning of the Divine Liturgy/Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts, or the reception of Holy Communion (if it is completely outside of the context of the Divine Liturgy/Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts. Natural water and medicines do not violate the Eucharistic fast. (MA)

The faithful are encouraged to follow a more intensive prayerful preparation and to observe a stricter Eucharistic fast, in particular to receive the Most Holy Eucharist on an empty stomach. (MA)

 A person who is conscious of serious sin is not to receive the Divine Eucharist unless a serious reason is present (e.g., danger of death) and there is no opportunity of receiving the sacrament of penance; in this case the person should make an act of perfect condition, including the intention of confessing as soon as possible. (CCEO)

When a child has reached the age to make one's first Confession he/she is then yearly bound by the obligation of the Paschal Duty. (USA)

Religious Education of Children:

Parents have a serious moral obligation to oversee that their children receive adequate religious instruction offered by the canonical Ukrainian Catholic parish despite the school which their children attend (public or private, even if it be of another Catholic Church sui iuris, i.e. Roman Catholic) or “home school” which the children attend. (USA)